## Issue

The method is given NxN matrix always powers of 2 and a number,it will return true if the num is found example for 4×4 size:

this is what i wrote:

```
public class Search {
public static boolean Search (int [][] matrix, int num)
{
int value = matrix.length / 2;
int first_quarter_pivot = matrix[value-1][0]; // represents highest number in first quarter
int second_quarter_pivot = matrix[value-1][value]; // represents highest number in second quarter
int third_quarter_pivot = matrix[matrix.length-1][value]; // represents highest number in third quarter
int fourth_quarter_pivot = matrix[matrix.length-1][0]; // represents highest number in fourth quarter
boolean isBoolean = false;
int i=0;
int j;
// if the num is not in the range of biggest smallest number it means he can`t be there.
if(!(num >= first_quarter_pivot) && (num <= fourth_quarter_pivot)) {
return false;
}
// if num is one of the pivots return true;
if((num == first_quarter_pivot || (num ==second_quarter_pivot))
|| (num == third_quarter_pivot) || (num == fourth_quarter_pivot ))
return true;
// if num is smaller than first pivot it means num is the first quarter,we limit the search to first quarter.
// if not smaller move to the next quarter pivot
if(num < first_quarter_pivot){{
j =0;
do
if(matrix[i][j] == num) {
isBoolean = true;
break;
}
else if((j == value)) {
j = 0;
i++;
}
else if(matrix[i][j] != num){
j++;
}
while(isBoolean != true) ;
}
return isBoolean;
}
// if num is smaller than second pivot it means num is the second quarter,we limit the search to second quarter.
// if not smaller move to the next quarter pivot
if(num < second_quarter_pivot){{
j = value;// start (0,value) j++ till j=value
do
if(matrix[i][j] == num) {
isBoolean = true;
break;
}
else if((j == matrix.length-1)) {
j = value;
i++;
}
else if(matrix[i][j] != num){
j++;
}
while(isBoolean != true) ;
}
return isBoolean;
}
// if num is smaller than third pivot it means num is the third quarter,we limit the search to third quarter.
// if not smaller move to the next quarter pivot
if(num < third_quarter_pivot){{
i = value;
j = value;// start (0,value) j++ till j=value
do
if(matrix[i][j] == num) {
isBoolean = true;
break;
}
else if((j == matrix.length-1)) {
j = value;
i++;
}
else if(matrix[i][j] != num){
j++;
}
while(isBoolean != true) ;
}
return isBoolean;
}
// if num is smaller than fourth pivot it means num is the fourth quarter,we limit the search to fourth quarter.
// number must be here because we verfied his existence in the start.
if(num < fourth_quarter_pivot){
i = value;
j = 0;// start (0,value) j++ till j=value
do
if(matrix[i][j] == num) {
isBoolean = true;
break;
}
else if((j == value)) {
j = 0;
i++;
}
else if(matrix[i][j] != num){
j++;
}
while(isBoolean != true) ;
}
return isBoolean;
}
}
```

What i tried to do:

find in which quarter the wanted number is in,after that check

the same quarter by moving j++ until it hits the limit,than i++

until found

with the limits changing for each quarter,i can`t understand if run time complexity is O(n^2) or lower? and will it be better do create one dimensional array and and move on the quarter this way: move right until limit,one down,move left until limit and i`

l have a sorted array and just binear search

## Solution

If you can map an array to a matrix, you can use a normal binary search.

You can define the translation table to achieve that like this:

```
X = [0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, ...]
Y = [0, 1, 1, 0, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 0, 1, 1, 0, ...]
```

The final program looks like this.

```
static final int MAX_N = 64;
static final int MAX_NN = MAX_N * MAX_N;
static final int[] DX = {0, 0, 1, 1};
static final int[] DY = {0, 1, 1, 0};
static final int[] X = new int[MAX_NN];
static final int[] Y = new int[MAX_NN];
static { // initialize X and Y
for (int i = 0; i < MAX_NN; ++i) {
int x = 0, y = 0;
for (int t = i, f = 0; t > 0; ++f) {
int mod = t & 3;
x += DX[mod] << f; y += DY[mod] << f;
t >>= 2;
}
X[i] = x; Y[i] = y;
}
}
public static boolean Search(int [][] matrix, int num) {
int n = matrix.length, nn = n * n;
int lower = 0;
int upper = nn - 1;
while (lower <= upper) {
int mid = (lower + upper) / 2;
int value = matrix[X[mid]][Y[mid]];
if (value == num)
return true;
else if (value < num)
lower = mid + 1;
else
upper = mid - 1;
}
return false;
}
```

and

```
public static void main(String[] args) {
int[][] matrix = {
{1, 3, 7, 9},
{6, 4, 15, 11},
{36, 50, 21, 22},
{60, 55, 30, 26},
};
// case: exists
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 1));
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 60));
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 11));
// case: not exists
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 0));
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 70));
System.out.println(Search(matrix, 20));
}
```

output:

```
true
true
true
false
false
false
```

Answered By – 英語は苦手

Answer Checked By – Mildred Charles (BugsFixing Admin)