[SOLVED] Powershell Count lines extremely large file

Issue

I have a extremely large text file of size 250 GB that’s given to us by a vendor. They also give us a control file that is supposed to have the number of lines in the large file. Sometimes there is a mismatch.
How do I count lines in Powershell? I tried this command and it ran for more than half hour and was not done yet.

Get-content C:\test.txt | Measure-Object –Line

(gc C:\test.txt | Measure-object | select count).count

Any help is appreciated
Thanks
MR

Solution

If performance matters, avoid the use of cmdlets and the pipeline; use switch -File:

$count = 0
switch -File C:\test.txt { default { ++$count } }

switch -File enumerates the lines of the specified file; condition default matches any line.


To give a sense of the performance difference:

# Create a sample file with 100,000 lines.
1..1e5 > tmp.txt
# Warm up the file cache
foreach ($line in [IO.File]::ReadLines("$pwd/tmp.txt")) { }

(Measure-Command { (Get-Content tmp.txt | Measure-Object).Count }).TotalSeconds

(Measure-Command { $count = 0; switch -File tmp.txt { default { ++$count } } }).TotalSeconds

Sample results from my Windows 10 / PSv5.1 machine:

1.3081307  # Get-Content + Measure-Object
0.1097513  # switch -File

That is, on my machine the switch -File command was about 12 times faster.

Answered By – mklement0

Answer Checked By – David Goodson (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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