[SOLVED] Installing numpy with pip on windows 10 for python 3.7

Issue

I installed python 3.7 on my Windows 10 laptop since it has been officially released as of today (06/28/2018). Then i tried to install numpy package using pip

pip install numpy

The install proceeds but finally fails with the below error :

        source = func(extension, build_dir)
      File "numpy\core\setup.py", line 675, in get_mathlib_info
        raise RuntimeError("Broken toolchain: cannot link a simple C program")
    RuntimeError: Broken toolchain: cannot link a simple C program

    ----------------------------------------
Command ""c:\program files\python37\python.exe" -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='C:\\Users\\pcheg\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\pip-install-7wjkw5wn\\numpy\\setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record C:\Users\pcheg\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-record-uhj8233f\install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in C:\Users\pcheg\AppData\Local\Temp\pip-install-7wjkw5wn\numpy\

Any ideas as to how to overcome this install Error? Thanks.

Solution

Installing NumPy on Windows is a common problem if you don’t have the right build setup. Instead, I always go to Christoph Gohlke’s website to download the wheels you can install for your computer. Christoph generously builds the libraries himself with the right build environment and he posts it on his website.


Newer Instructions – For older instructions, please scroll down

First, install pipwin from PyPI which will install a utility that acts like pip but it will download the actual package you’re interested in from his website, then use pipwin install to install the package you want.

First do:

pip install pipwin

When that’s installed, you can then do:

pipwin install numpy

This will install the latest version of NumPy on your system. This way you don’t have to specifically search for the version of NumPy that is for your specific version of Python.


Older instructions

Go to the NumPy section: https://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/#numpy then download the version for 3.7 that is compatible with your version of Python (2 or 3 and 32-bit or 64-bit). For example, the filename numpy‑1.14.5+mkl‑cp37‑cp37m‑win_amd64.whl is for NumPy 1.14.5, Python 3.7 – 64 bit. You can pick out which version of NumPy and which version of the Python interpreter and bit version you need in the filename.

Doing this never requires you to build NumPy yourself or install the required compiler as opposed to installing NumPy through PyPI. You can just download the wheel and install it yourself. Assuming you’ve already downloaded it, just do:

pip install numpy‑1.14.5+mkl‑cp37‑cp37m‑win_amd64.whl

… assuming the wheel is in the directory you’re currently in.

Answered By – rayryeng

Answer Checked By – Clifford M. (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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