[SOLVED] in Typescript, try…catch error object shows "Object is of type 'unknown'.ts(2571)"


router.get('/cells', async (req, res) => {
    try {
      const result = await fs.readFile(fullPath, { encoding: 'utf-8' });
    } catch (err) {
      if (err.code === 'ENOENT') { // Object is of type 'unknown'.ts(2571) (local var) err: unknown
        await fs.writeFile(fullPath, '[]', 'utf-8');
      } else {
        throw err;

err.code make this ts error : Object is of type 'unknown'.ts(2571)

I definitely know that err.code exists, so I want to know how to define the type(or interface) of err?

(tsc version info : My global typescript version is v4.3.5 and the above code belongs to my project which has typescript v4.1.2)

— Edit —

I finally know why this error happens to me.
I thought I used tsc version under 4.3.x, but it turns out I used v4.4.x.

In vscode, cmd + shift + P and search for Select Typescript version
and I actually used v4.4.3, (I mistakenly thought on version because I only check tsc version from terminal)

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Thanks for sharing Youtube video,


Just very recently, Typescript has been update to make error object inside catch be unknown instead of any

which means, your code looks something like this to your compiler

catch(e: unknown) {
// your logic

Provide your own interface and save into another variable to avoid this error:

catch(e : unknown) {
const u = e as YourType
// your logic

You can still use any there, but it’s not recommended.

Answered By – tsamridh86

Answer Checked By – Dawn Plyler (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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