[SOLVED] How to return View for editing its property?

Issue

I’m making a class that returns its editor view.
But got an error

Cannot convert value of type ‘Published.Publisher’ to expected
argument type ‘Binding’

This is simple test code for Playgrounds.

import SwiftUI
import PlaygroundSupport


struct EditorView: View {
    @Binding var text: String

    var body: some View {
        HStack {
            Text("Name:")
            TextField("Jerry", text: $text)
        }
    }
}

class MyModel: ObservableObject {
    @Published var name: String = "Tom"

    func editorView() -> some View {
        EditorView(text: $name) // [ERROR] Cannot convert value of type 'Published.Publisher' to expected argument type 'Binding<String>'
    }
}

struct ContentView: View {
    @StateObject var model: MyModel = .init()

    var body: some View {
        model.editorView()
    }
}

struct ContentView_Preview: PreviewProvider {
    static var previews: some View {
        ContentView()
            .previewLayout(.fixed(width: 375, height: 400))
    }
}

let viewController = UIHostingController(rootView: ContentView())
let nav = UINavigationController(rootViewController: viewController)
PlaygroundPage.current.liveView = nav

What is wrong?


2022.03.23 Added

I tested to make a view without binding, it works. I think that the class can create a view with its property. But can’t pass the @Binding.

import SwiftUI
import PlaygroundSupport


struct EditorView: View {
    @Binding var text: String

    var body: some View {
        HStack {
            Text("Name:")
            TextField("Jerry", text: $text)
        }
    }
}

// Just display the name parameter
struct DispView: View {
    let name: String
    var body: some View {
        Text(name)
    }
}

class MyModel: ObservableObject {
    @Published var name: String = "Tom"

    @ViewBuilder
    func editorView() -> some View {
//      EditorView(text: $name) // Error at this line.
        DispView(name: name) // Pass the property.
    }
}

struct ContentView: View {
    @StateObject var model: MyModel = .init()

    var body: some View {
        model.editorView()
    }
}

struct ContentView_Preview: PreviewProvider {
    static var previews: some View {
        ContentView()
            .previewLayout(.fixed(width: 375, height: 400))
    }
}

let viewController = UIHostingController(rootView: ContentView())
let nav = UINavigationController(rootViewController: viewController)
PlaygroundPage.current.liveView = nav

Solution

You create EditorView in wrong place, put it in your ContentView instead of your ViewModel. ViewModel is for holding data (or model) instead of View. I believe SwiftUI is not designed for carrying view along.

struct ContentView: View {
    @StateObject var model: MyModel = .init()

    var body: some View {
        editorView
    }
}

extension ContentView {
    @ViewBuilder
    var editorView: some View {
        EditorView(text: $model.name)
    }
}

If you still want to put it in your ViewModel, this should be the working code. You can create new Binding as parameter for your view initializer.

@ViewBuilder
func editorView() -> some View {
    EditorView(text: 
        Binding { name } set: { newName in self.name = newName }
    )
}

Answered By – Quang Hà

Answer Checked By – David Goodson (BugsFixing Volunteer)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.