[SOLVED] How to resize WPF DataGrid to fit its content?


The aim

I would like to set such size for the DataGrid (standard, from WPF) so all cells (text) would be fully visible. I have window with DockPanel, with DataGrid in it, so when I resize the window, all nested widgets (DockPanel and DataGrid) are resized accordingly.

Example (edit-1)

Let’s say you have window, 100 pixels wide and you have DataGrid with one column, which cell is "the quick brown fox…" (400 pixels wide). Thus the DataGrid should be resized to 400 pixels (probably more, because of padding) and the Window should be resized to 400 pixels too (also more, because of padding).

I didn’t find any standard method to do it (AFAIK WPF provides way to clip the content to desired width, my problem is exactly opposite), so I come up with such ugly workaround, which does not work too well.

The workaround

  1. iterate over DataGrid headers (assuming they are just strings) and compute width required for the text
  2. iterate over DataGrid rows per each column (assuming they are TextBlock or TextBox) and compute the maximum width required for the text — add horizontal paddings for TextBlock/TextBox and horizontal margins for DataGrid cell
  3. sum all differences between DataGrid ActualWidth for columns and the maximum width computed in (2)
  4. increase the window width by the difference computed in (3)


I did several tests, and in some cases the computed width is too big (this is minor problem), for some cases is too small. The problem starts at its core procedure — computing the required width for TextBox/TextBlock, computed width is always 1 unit less than it should be (if I set the width to computed one, 1 pixel from text is always clipped).

So which factor I am ignoring here? Or maybe better — is there already some method to resize DataGrid to fit its content?

The code

Computing width required for text (here for TextBlock):

    public static double TextWidth(this TextBlock widget, string text)
        var formattedText = new FormattedText(text, // can use arbitrary text

        return formattedText.Width+widget.Padding.Left+widget.Padding.Right;

Adjusting the Window size to fit DataGrid content (ugly_factor is ugly workaround 😉 since I didn’t figure out how to fix it properly I set it to 1.3 and this way my window is "never" too small):

    public static void AdjustWidthToDataGrid(this Window window, DataGrid dataGrid, double ugly_factor)
        var max_widths = dataGrid.Columns.Select(it => window.TextWidth(it.Header as string) 
                                                                        * ugly_factor).ToArray();

        foreach (var row in Enumerable.Range(0, dataGrid.Items.Count))
            foreach (var col in Enumerable.Range(0, dataGrid.Columns.Count))
                var cell = dataGrid.GetCell(row, col);
                double width = 0;
                if (cell.Content is TextBlock)
                    width = (cell.Content as TextBlock).TextWidth();
                else if (cell.Content is TextBox)
                    width = (cell.Content as TextBox).TextWidth();

                if (cell.Content is FrameworkElement)
                    var widget = cell.Content as FrameworkElement;
                    width = width + widget.Margin.Left + widget.Margin.Right;

                max_widths[col] = Math.Max(max_widths[col], 

        double width_diff = 0;

        foreach (var col in Enumerable.Range(0, dataGrid.Columns.Count))
            width_diff += Math.Max(0,max_widths[col] - dataGrid.Columns[col].ActualWidth);

        if (width_diff > 0)
            window.Width = window.ActualWidth+ width_diff;


Marko’s comment is the answer:

I’m at a bit of a loss with your resizing logic. First of all, if you set the window’s SizeToContent="WidthAndHeight", then the window is shown to the full size of the datagrid. On the other hand, if you show a window at some predefined size, and you want to resize the window once the window is shown, then at that point resizing to the datagrid’s desired with is very counter intuitive. Because the resizing will jump from say 100px to 400px, but what if I want to resize to only 250px… (asuming you resize by dragging the corner of the window)

Answered By – greenoldman

Answer Checked By – David Marino (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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