[SOLVED] How to count occurrences of a column value efficiently in SQL?

Issue

I have a table of students:

id | age
--------
0  | 25
1  | 25
2  | 23

I want to query for all students, and an additional column that counts how many students are of the same age:

id | age | count
----------------
0  | 25  | 2
1  | 25  | 2
2  | 23  | 1

What’s the most efficient way of doing this? I fear that a sub-query will be slow, and I’m wondering if there’s a better way. Is there?

Solution

This should work:

SELECT age, count(age) 
  FROM Students 
 GROUP by age

If you need the id as well you could include the above as a sub query like so:

SELECT S.id, S.age, C.cnt
  FROM Students  S
       INNER JOIN (SELECT age, count(age) as cnt
                     FROM Students 
                    GROUP BY age) C ON S.age = C.age

Answered By – Mike Dinescu

Answer Checked By – David Goodson (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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