[SOLVED] How to apply a custom function with proxy::dist to create a distance matrix in R

Issue

I have defined a custom function and tested the function to make sure that it works but I am unable to apply it to a list in order to obtain a distance matrix.

The code I have is:

library(Biostrings)
library(proxy)

#import the sequences using Biostrings
indf<-readAAStringSet("C:/Users/jamie/OneDrive/Documents/Junk/SAMPLEFASTA.fasta")

#Assign the names and sequences to different variables
seqAAname<-names(indf)
seqz<-paste(indf)

#Put just the sequences into a dataframe
indf2<-data.frame(seqz)

#Convert the sequences into a list
indf3<-as.list(indf2)

#Define a custom function to return the alignment score between two sequences (pairwise)
customalnfunc <- function(X, Y){
  pairwiseAlignment(X, Y,
                    substitutionMatrix = "BLOSUM45", gapOpening = 1, gapExtension = 3)
}

#Test the function but not as a function (This works fine)
testfreefunc<-  pairwiseAlignment(AAString("PEHQRSTVE"),AAString("PQHQRETVE"),
                    substitutionMatrix = "BLOSUM45", gapOpening = 1, gapExtension = 3)
print([email protected])


#Test the function as a fucntion to make sure it works (This works fine)
testfuncout <- customalnfunc(AAString("PEHQRSTVE"),AAString("PQHQRETVE"))
print([email protected])

#Apply the custom function to all possible pairs using proxy::dist with the custom function (This does not work, it returns 0)
outalnmatrix <- proxy::dist(indf3, method = customalnfunc)
outalnmatrix

The SAMPLEFASTA.fasta file contains:

>SeqA
PEHQRSTVE
>SeqB
PQHQRETVE
>SeqC
RQHERSEVE

The desired output from outalnmatrix is:
enter image description here

I have tried passing the input data to proxy::dist as a list and a matrix.

How can I make this work?

Solution

You don’t need to use the proxy package as proxy::dist is meant to icompare rows of matrix/dataframes against each other. Since you want to compare strings, you can use outer. However, you need to tweak your customalnfunc function, so that it returns only a number (scoreOnly = TRUE).

library(Biostrings)

seqz <- c("PEHQRSTVE", "PQHQRETVE", "RQHERSEVE")

customalnfunc <- function(X, Y){
  pairwiseAlignment(X, Y,
                    substitutionMatrix = "BLOSUM45",
                    gapOpening = 1,
                    gapExtension = 3,
                    scoreOnly = TRUE)
}

outer(seqz, seqz, customalnfunc)

#>
     [,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,]   58   50   33
[2,]   50   60   33
[3,]   33   33   57


Answered By – Stefano Barbi

Answer Checked By – David Goodson (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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