[SOLVED] How do I get a function's full name and arguments as string from a list of function objects in Python?

Issue

As the title says, I am interested in a list of all functions inside my python module as string. So far I have a list of function objects with their possible arguments.

For example, with NumPy

from inspect import getmembers, isfunction
import numpy

functions_list = getmembers(numpy, isfunction)
functions_list = [x[1] for x in functions_list] #functions_list = [str(x[1]).split(' ')[1] for x in functions_list]

functions_list[:4]

Output:

[<function numpy.__dir__()>,
 <function numpy.__getattr__(attr)>,
 <function numpy.core.function_base.add_newdoc(place, obj, doc, warn_on_python=True)>,
 <function numpy.alen(a)>]

If I try list comprehension and parse the function object to a string with str(x) as follows:

functions_list = [str(x[1]) for x in functions_list]

Output:

['<function __dir__ at 0x000001C9D44AF310>',
 '<function __getattr__ at 0x000001C9D40BFD30>',
 '<function add_newdoc at 0x000001C9D42C0C10>',
 '<function alen at 0x000001C9D42610D0>']

Same for:

str(functions_list)
repr(functions_list)

I want something like:

['numpy.__dir__()',
 'numpy.__getattr__(attr)',
 'numpy.core.function_base.add_newdoc(place, obj, doc, warn_on_python=True)',
 'numpy.alen(a)']

How can I archive this? I know there are a lot of similar questions here, and I look up a few of them, but I couldn’t find something that helps me out.

Solution

Although it is not perfect, how about using inspect.signature?

from inspect import getmembers, isfunction, signature
import numpy

def explain(m):
    try:
        return f"{m[0]}{signature(m[1])}"
    except ValueError:
        return f"{m[0]}(???)" # some functions don't provide a signature

print(*(explain(m) for m in getmembers(numpy, isfunction)), sep='\n')

# __dir__()
# __getattr__(attr)
# add_newdoc(place, obj, doc, warn_on_python=True)
# alen(a)
# all(a, axis=None, out=None, keepdims=<no value>, *, where=<no value>)

Answered By – j1-lee

Answer Checked By – Mildred Charles (BugsFixing Admin)

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