[SOLVED] Having issue with matching rows in the database using PDO

Issue

I am looking to get row count to check if same email is already in database or not. i have tried couple of mechanism but no success. when i run my query directly in the database it gives me the row count but via PDO execute it gives me 0.

i have used fetchAll method to manually count, even used rowCount method that also not working

  $sql = 'SELECT count(*) FROM inbox WHERE uid = "'.$email_number.'" AND from_email = "'.$email_f.'"'; 
  $result = $link->prepare($sql); 
  $result->execute(); 
  $number_of_rows = $result->fetchColumn(); 

issue is with this $email_f, it contains html

SELECT count(*) FROM inbox WHERE uid = "6961" 
AND from_email = "abc Offers <[email protected]>"

this is the query which i have printed from $sql and when i execute it in database directly in phpmyadmin, it works fine. give me count of 3 but via execute i get 0.

Solution

When there is no match it means there is no match. No matter what you think. When your query returns no rows, then there is no rows to match the condition.

Problems caused by the condition

Check your conditions. There are mutual exclusive conditions, such as WHERE col=1 AND col=2. It will never return any rows, Try to simplify the condition until it starts returning some rows, and then refine the conditions to get the desired result.

But even if you can swear there is data in the table to match your query, there are some pitfalls:

Problems caused by the data

Most likely there are some converted or non-printable characters in the input data (or database). For example, there could be a linefeed character or a peculiarly encoded symbol, or some characters such as < and > converted into HTML entities. As a result, the query contains <[email protected]> will never match a text &lt;[email protected]&gt;.

The problem is, this is only a guess, and nobody can tell you what the actual issue is, because it is your database, your input data and only you can find the issue.

I wrote an article that explains how to debug your PDO issues.

To debug a particular issue, you need

  • make sure the full error reporting is enabled for both PDO and PHP. It really helps, showing you occasional typographic errors, spelling errors and the such
  • scrutinize both the data in the database and the input to find the difference. bin2hex() function would help, revealing all non-printable and converted characters, in both database and the input.

Problems caused by the connection credentials

Another frequent issue is when you have several databases and connect to the wrong one that doesn’t have the data requested. This issue is similar to this one, so just follow the same routine, only checking not the list of tables but the data rows.

An irrelevant but important note

On a side note, but very important nevertheless: your prepared statement is a cargo cult code that protects nothing. Here is how it must be:

$sql = 'SELECT count(*) FROM inbox WHERE uid = ? AND from_email = ?'; 
$result = $link->prepare($sql); 
$result->execute([$email_number,$email_f]); 
$number_of_rows = $result->fetchColumn(); 

Answered By – Your Common Sense

Answer Checked By – Marie Seifert (BugsFixing Admin)

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