[SOLVED] Get mySQL MONTH() to use leading zeros?

Issue

How do I specify to mySQL’s MONTH() function to return ’08’ instead of 8 in this query?

I’d like the sort to work datewise. Currently getting results for date like

2006-9
2007-1
2007-10
2007-11

current query:

SELECT COUNT(*), CONCAT(YEAR(`datetime_added`), '-', MONTH(`datetime_added`)) as date FROM `person` WHERE (email = '' OR email IS NULL) 
GROUP BY date 
ORDER BY date ASC

Solution

Use the following instead:

DATE_FORMAT(`datetime_added`,'%Y-%m')

Explanation:

DATE_FORMAT() function lets you format the date anyway you like using specifiers described in the table below (taken verbatim from documentation). So a format string '%Y-%m' means: "A full year (4 digits), followed by a dash (-), followed by a two-digit month number".

Note that you can specify the language used for day/month names by setting lc_time_names system variable. Extremely useful. Refer to documentation for more details.

Specifier Description
%a Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)
%b Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)
%c Month, numeric (0..12)
%D Day of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, …)
%d Day of the month, numeric (00..31)
%e Day of the month, numeric (0..31)
%f Microseconds (000000..999999)
%H Hour (00..23)
%h Hour (01..12)
%I Hour (01..12)
%i Minutes, numeric (00..59)
%j Day of year (001..366)
%k Hour (0..23)
%l Hour (1..12)
%M Month name (January..December)
%m Month, numeric (00..12)
%p AM or PM
%r Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM)
%S Seconds (00..59)
%s Seconds (00..59)
%T Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)
%U Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 0
%u Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 1
%V Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 2; used with %X
%v Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 3; used with %x
%W Weekday name (Sunday..Saturday)
%w Day of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)
%X Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %V
%x Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %v
%Y Year, numeric, four digits
%y Year, numeric (two digits)
%% A literal % character
%x x, for any “x” not listed above

Answered By – Mchl

Answer Checked By – Robin (BugsFixing Admin)

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