[SOLVED] exports is not defined in ES module scope


I created nest js project as following.

nest new project-name

and imported following from nuxt3 which is of type module of node js with mjs file extension (type definition of import doesn’t require to write mjs).

import { ViteBuildContext, ViteOptions, bundle } from '@nuxt/vite-builder-edge';

It gives me below error.

Uncaught Error Error [ERR_REQUIRE_ESM]: require() of ES Module c:\project\node_modules\@nuxt\vite-builder-edge\dist\index.mjs not supported. Instead change the require of c:\project\node_modules\@nuxt\vite-builder-edge\dist\index.mjs to a dynamic import() which is available in all CommonJS modules.

So I tried adding "type": "module" in package.json so now I am getting below error.

Uncaught ReferenceError ReferenceError: exports is not defined in ES module scope This file is being treated as an ES module because it has a '.js' file extension and 'c:\project\package.json' contains "type": "module". To treat it as a CommonJS script, rename it to use the '.cjs' file extension. at <anonymous> (c:\project\dist\main.js:2:23)

How do I fix this? Error is related to typescript (or say compiled javascript) is unable to import mjs exports. What is solution to this?

  "compilerOptions": {
    "module": "commonjs",
    "declaration": true,
    "removeComments": true,
    "emitDecoratorMetadata": true,
    "experimentalDecorators": true,
    "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
    "target": "es2017",
    "sourceMap": true,
    "outDir": "./dist",
    "baseUrl": "./",
    "incremental": true,
    "skipLibCheck": true,
    "strictNullChecks": false,
    "noImplicitAny": false,
    "strictBindCallApply": false,
    "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": false,
    "noFallthroughCasesInSwitch": false


Updating tsconfig "module" and "target" to "ES6" solved the issue.

But after that imports stopped working without extension.

So I had to add ".js" to in import even though they were ".ts" files.

e.g. I had to import app.module.ts file as following (notice extension).

import { AppModule } from './app.module.js';

Answered By – Anonymous Creator

Answer Checked By – Mildred Charles (BugsFixing Admin)

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