[SOLVED] Difference between IQueryable, ICollection, IList & IDictionary interface

Issue

I am trying to understand difference between IQueryable, ICollection, IList & IDictionary interface
which is more faster for basic operations like iterating, Indexing, Querying and more.

which class like Collection, List, Dictionary etc would be good to initiating with these interfaces and when should we be using these class. Basic advantages of using these classes over others.

I tried reading other posts with similar questions but nothing answered my full questions.
Thanks for the help.

Solution

All of these interfaces inherit from IEnumerable, which you should make sure you understand. That interface basically lets you use the class in a foreach statement (in C#).

  • ICollection is the most basic of the interfaces you listed. It’s an enumerable interface that supports a Count and that’s about it.
  • IList is everything that ICollection is, but it also supports adding and removing items, retrieving items by index, etc. It’s the most commonly-used interface for “lists of objects”, which is vague I know.
  • IQueryable is an enumerable interface that supports LINQ. You can always create an IQueryable from an IList and use LINQ to Objects, but you also find IQueryable used for deferred execution of SQL statements in LINQ to SQL and LINQ to Entities.
  • IDictionary is a different animal in the sense that it is a mapping of unique keys to values. It is also enumerable in that you can enumerate the key/value pairs, but otherwise it serves a different purpose than the others you listed.

The MSDN documentation for each of these is decent, so I would start there in rounding out your understanding.

Answered By – John Bledsoe

Answer Checked By – Katrina (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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