[SOLVED] Delete last item from array with useState

Issue

I’m new to JS, React and TypeScript. I did a tutorial to add a todo-list. To get some practice, I decided to add the delete button and the "remove last item" button.

Deleting the complete list worked out fine (I’m proud of myself, hah!) but the "delete last item" is not working, I tried different things (e.g. just todos.pop()).


function App() {
  const [todos, setTodos] = useState([])
  const [input, setInput] = useState("")

  // prevents default, adds input to "todos" array and removes the input from form
  const addTodo = (e) => {
    e.preventDefault()

    setTodos([...todos, input])
    setInput("")
  }

  // deletes the todo-list
  const clearTodo = (e) => {
    e.preventDefault()

    setTodos([])
  }

  // deletes the last entry from the todo-list
  const clearLastTodo = (e) => {
    e.preventDefault()

    setTodos(todos.pop())
  }

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <h1>ToDo Liste</h1>
      <form>
        <input 
          value={input} 
          onChange={(e) => setInput(e.target.value)} 
          type="text" 
        />
        <button type="submit" onClick={addTodo}>
          Hinzufügen
        </button>
      </form>

      <div>
        <h2>Bisherige ToDo Liste:</h2>
        <ul>
        {todos.map((todo) => (
          <li>{todo}</li>
        ))}
        </ul>
      </div>

      <div>
        <form action="submit">
        <button type="submit" onClick={clearLastTodo}>
            Letzten Eintrag löschen
          </button>
          <button type="submit" onClick={clearTodo}>
            Liste löschen
          </button>
        </form>
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

Am I missing something (clearly I am, otherwise it would work)? But what? 😀

Thank you in advance!

Solution

There are 3 possible solutions to your problem.


Solution 1:
Slice the array from the first element to the -1 (1 before the last) element.

setTodos(todos.slice(0, -1)));

Or

setTodos((previousArr) => (previousArr.slice(0, -1)));

Solution 2:
Create a copy array and splice it with the value of -1. Then set the array from the first element to the -1 element.

const copyArr = [...todos];
copyArr.splice(-1);
setTodos(copyArr);

Solution 3:
Create a copy list with the ..., pop the copy and set the new value of the array to the copy.

const copyArr = [...todos];
copyArr.pop();
setTodos(copyArr);

Answered By – Itik

Answer Checked By – Terry (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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