[SOLVED] Convert vector<int> to delimited string


As I see here there is a fast and short way to Convert vector to string separated with a character in c#:

var result = string.Join(";", data); 
var result = string.Join(";", data.Select(x => x.ToString()).ToArray()); 

I wan to know is there a same way in c++ to do this?


#include <sstream>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <iterator>
#include <iostream>

int main()
    std::vector<int> data = {42, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5};

    std::ostringstream oss;
    std::copy(data.begin(), data.end(), std::ostream_iterator<int>(oss, ";"));

    std::string result( oss.str() );
    std::cout << result << "\n";

N.B. In C++11, you can use the more general form

using std::begin;
using std::end;
std::copy(begin(data), end(data), std::ostream_iterator<int>(oss, ";"));

Where the using-declarations are not required if ADL can be used (like in the example above).

Also possible, but maybe a bit less efficient:

std::string s;
for(auto const& e : v) s += std::to_string(e) + ";";

which can be written via std::accumulate in <algorithm> as:

std::string s = std::accumulate(begin(v), end(v), std::string{},
    [](std::string r, int p){ return std::move(r) + std::to_string(p) + ";"; });

(IIRC there was some method to eliminate the copying, maybe by taking the lambda-parameter by reference std::string& r.)

A version w/o the trailing semi-colon (thanks to Dietmar Kühl):

std::vector<int> data = {42, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5};

std::ostringstream out;
if (!v.empty())
    std::copy(v.begin(), v.end() - 1, std::ostream_iterator<int>(out, ";"));
    out << v.back();

std::string result( out.str() );
std::cout << result << "\n";

Answered By – dyp

Answer Checked By – Marie Seifert (BugsFixing Admin)

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