[SOLVED] Asp.Net controller seemingly behaves as if single-threaded. Why?

Issue

(everything below initially written for .Net 5.0 but now targeting .Net 6.0)

Consider this Asp.Net controller used as REST Api :

[AllowAnonymous]
[Route("[controller]")]
[ApiController]
[ApiConventionType(typeof(DefaultApiConventions))]
public class DebugController : ControllerBase {

    private readonly ILoggingWrapper log;

    public DebugController(ILoggingWrapper log) {
        this.log = log;
        log.Information("Constructor called");
    }

    private async Task Slow() {
        await Task.Delay(15000).ConfigureAwait(false);
    }

    [Authorize()]
    [HttpGet]
    [Route("testSlow")]
    public async Task<ActionResult> TestSlow() {
        await Slow().ConfigureAwait(false);
        return Ok();
    }

    [Authorize()]
    [HttpGet]
    [Route("testFast")]
    public async Task<ActionResult> TestFast() {
        return Ok();
    }
}

I have a Swagger page configured, where I can call TestSlow and TestFast on demand.

Experience #1

  1. Open a browser tab with the Swagger page open,
  2. Call only TestSlow

Result

The DebugController constructor enters immediately, then TestSlow starts immediately and returns after 15 seconds

Experience #2

  1. Open a browser tab with the Swagger page open,
  2. Open another browser tab with the Swagger page open,
  3. On the first Swagger page, call only TestSlow
  4. Quickly switch to the other Swagger page, call TestFast

Result

  • The DebugController constructor enters immediately, then TestSlow starts immediately
  • When calling TestFast, and while Testslow is still running, The DebugController constructor enters immediately and TestFast starts immediately.

the two experiences above behave as I expect it : Asp.Net is multithreaded and calling one endpoint does not stop another client from calling another endpoint, even if the first endpoint is still being served to the first client.

Experience #3 (the weird one)

  1. Open a browser tab with the Swagger page open,
  2. Open another browser tab with the Swagger page open,
  3. On the first Swagger page, call only TestSlow
  4. Quickly switch to the other Swagger page, call TestSlow there too

Result

  • The DebugController constructor enters immediately, then TestSlow starts immediately
  • When calling the other TestSlow, the Controller’s contructor is not called before the first call to TestSlow is entirely finished and has returned!. In effect, the two calls to TestSlow happen sequentially.

Why is that? Why does multithreading suddenly seem to "disappear" the moment I try to call the same endpoint twice, even though I do it from two different clients?

Solution

I most likely discovered by accident that session state disables simultaneous serving of the same endpoint called several times, as devised here:

Disable Session state per-request in ASP.Net MVC

So it appears that it isn’t a multithreading problem, instead it’s a web app configuration ("by design") problem.

@Richard deeming : Post this as an answer and I’ll mark it as the correct one.

Answered By – jeancallisti

Answer Checked By – Pedro (BugsFixing Volunteer)

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